Furnace of Affliction
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, “resilient” is used to describe the capacity of materials, like iron or cotton.
In the context of communities—neighborhoods or cities—this definition is quite evocative. For you to even gauge the level of your community’s resilience it must first be bent, compressed, stretched, forced, or pressured. You can never know if an object will resume its original shape if it is never stretched.
Resilient: tending to resume the original shape or position after being bent, compressed, or stretched; hard-wearing because of being able to recover after the application of force or pressure.
And so it is with the places we live: community resilience is won by consistently surviving the furnace of affliction. Sounds fun, right?
Resilient Not Resistant
Your community might be bent internally when the city tries to make inappropriate changes to a community center. On the flip side, your neighborhood could be pressured externally by developers seeking to “revitalize” your area by replacing all the old buildings with a newfangled strip mall.
So does this mean that resilient communities are the ones that fight the hardest against change?
This would be a reasonable conclusion since historic preservationists are often stereotyped as hating all community change or progress—“they just want things to stay the same forever.”
But this is a perversion, as preservation principles actually engender resilience, not resistance. For example, regulated local historic districts don’t ban or resist new construction or additions; instead, theybend to allow construction that maintains or enhances the community’s historic character. The practice of preservation is all about people coming together and making compromises for the good of the community, not being dogmatically resistant to change.
The figurative use of “resilient” helps illuminate the contrast with “resistant,” if you think about it from a community perspective:
Resilient, fig.: tending to recover quickly or easily from misfortune, shock, illness, or the like; buoyant, irrepressible; adaptable, robust, hardy.
When a neighborhood attempts to be resistant—completely unyielding to forces of change—it will always lose out in the end because change is inevitable. But those communities that adapt to changes in their environment and learn to recover quickly from misfortune will stand the test of time. They will be resilient.
How to be Resilient
If resilience is good (and resistance is bad), then how can your community become more resilient?
The secret to enduring community resilience is to make your locale special or unique, to the point that your neighbors have a feeling of authentic human attachment and belonging. In short, resilient communities are true to their heritage and offer a genuine sense of place to their inhabitants.